Tua caldera, meaning 'old' Bromo, is a gaping hole in the earth's
surface 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) wide with walls higher than
350 meters (1,100 ft). Standing on the edge of this crater gives
a birds-eye view of three young volcanoes--Bromo, Batok and Widodaren--which
emerge from the black 'sand sea' pit of volcanic ash like a vision
from another planet. Floating on the distant horizon, at a majestic
3,676 meters (12,060 ft), Gunung Semeru is the highest mountain
on Java. Named after Tibet's Mt. Meru, the 'mountain at the center
of the world' Semeru is an active volcano in Indonesia's 'Ring
of Fire' and the center of local legends.
Bromo, Malang, East Java
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